November 9 2019

Website Development Then and Now

A website is a collection of web pages that are interactive in behavior. With the rapid growth of technology over the decade, we have seen various developments in this field of technology. A few years ago website used to be static with a little content and one or two images, but nowadays with the competition in the global market, we have been seeing amazing websites over the Internet. The early web pages were largely text-based, as the internet connections were slow and the technology limited. No special design or page structure was present, but the basic HTML tags for headers, paragraphs, and links made their debut. Back in the days’ websites were based on simple HTML codes and images and after days’ time came the CMS application which can be used to manage the creation and modification of digital content which was in a sense revolutionary in the field of website development. Websites used to be of plain texts with no colors or images and the motive of websites were simply to deliver information to the users. With the time passing by, websites, later on, consisted of colors and gifs which were quite an impressive feat for the developers. In the beginning, the webpage makers were known as webmasters.

 Websites in the early days hardly used Databases as the motive of websites in those days were to simply rely on information to the users. Now there are hardly any websites that don’t integrate Databases into the websites. A few looked like an electric browser and were not so interactive compared to now, uptimes were not so good and developers focused less on the uptime due to less number of competitions among the websites. One person would design the whole site in the early days and websites were left and right with no centers. With the passing of time, the navigation bars started migrating to the top of the websites. Design components were specified in CSS rather than in HTML of the page itself.

Designers began to use table-based layouts to organize their content, allowing for greater flexibility and creativity. Sites were still quite texted heavy, but this text could now be divided into columns, rows, and other navigational elements. Flash-based menu items were introduced in the late ’90s where menu items extended and the colors were modified when clicked. Flash changed the landscape of website designing. Designers could create any shape, add animation and developed more engaging sites than before using a single tool. Along with time, drop-down menus became the most representative navigation option. With the increasing number of mobile phones around the globe, it became a necessity for developers to create websites that were mobile-friendly. Using the web on mobile phones was quite frustrating. This forced designers to create a better approach to mobile web design.

Mobile devices have rapidly become the most popular way to browse the web, which has brought about many changes in web design techniques. Responsive web design has become one of the most popular approaches to web design in order to accommodate users visiting via a wide variety of devices. Designers must consider load speed, content placement, and SEO optimization to keep up the challenge with its competitors. The website now is a means of advertising a product or branding an organization, since a vast number of people use the Internet to browse sites. The large and fast-growing social media sites created more widgets for users to add to their blogs and other website created widgets designed to go on social media sites.

With the growing number of users all around the planet, various kinds of websites were designed and developed. From social media websites to the video browsing and image storing websites, to the file, image, and video converter sites became famous over time. When compared to the early days, website development has many stages and various numbers of people working to achieve a good interactive website. Before developing a website, some research is done to keep the competition alive, and then UI/UX (User Interface/ Experience) is maintained along with a content writer, a web designer is present to design, along with CMS and application programs. CDN (Content Delivery Network) is used to deliver the contents of a website with high traffic and websites that have a global reach. Websites now have their domain-based e-mail which is hosted in third parties like G-suite, Office 360, etc. When compared to the early days, websites are responsive, mobile-friendly, full width, box format, lots of instructions and third-party APIs. Today there are various websites which can convert the file types, video converters, photo editors and also the web-based websites.

web development,html,css

There are various roles that need to be fulfilled while developing a website, the roles are:


Contents are the KING in the field of websites and WebPages, as users need more and more content to stay attached to a website. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and many other websites are running effectively and efficiently as they are able to give users huge amounts of content on which they can engage on for hours and don’t get bored off. In a website, language should be understandable by the audiences that visit the site and also should know about the timing of the audiences that visit the site. Many users copy content on their site from various sources and don’t mention the Reference, which could fall under copyright issues later. So to be on the positive side of things always remembers to create content as original as you can and also the contents related to the website that is being built upon.


The features that are made available to the audiences, to make them easier and have a rich experience is what this content covers about. From Social Media’s integration to integrating Google Maps, it’s all about the characteristic of the website. Some features on a website may include Blogs, News Events, Announcements, Calendars, etc. It may also be referred to as the services one’s get while visiting a Five Star Hotel or a Penthouse in an apartment.

UI/UX Designer:

A UI designer is someone that is responsible for the look and feel of a website or a web app. UI designer primarily works in graphic design tools like Adobe Photoshop, Fireworks, Sketch, Illustrator, etc. UI designer designs the colors, the background, typography, button sizes, text size, choose whether or not the drop shadow should be dark or light. UI designer essentially designs aesthetics throughout the entire application.

A UX designer is someone that is responsible for the overall user experience of a website, web app, etc. There are certain skill sets that are used when involved in the UX design; process, research, wireframing, prototyping, storyboarding, user testing, monitoring how users use a system, creating flowcharts and outlines. Continuous research and finding different innovative ways to improve a product are a huge part of UX designing.

Graphics Designer:

Graphic is visual, which is associated with art, imagination, and expression, involving many mediums such as drawing, painting, and engraving. Through the harness of artistic expressions, a designer chooses these visual elements such as Line, Colour, Shape, Texture, Space, Form, and Typography, then these visual elements are arranged on a surface in layout to convey an idea.

Design is to decide upon the look and function of something before it is made. Design is thinking, problem solving and practicality. When we bring both the visual elements and the design principles together, we have a graphic design.

Graphic design is the organization and presentation of information, developed through a creative process for a particular function. In graphic design, the designer must first understand the information, a message or a brief and then research, think, imagine and develop to create a solution. The designer must have a concept in order to communicate that information or idea in a visual way. In Graphic design, there are rules that can be considered. The rules are called the Principles of design. The key principles of design are Contrast, Hierarchy, Alignment, Balance, Proximity, Repetition, Simplicity and Function.

SEO (Search Engine Optimization):

With many websites running over the Internet, it’s for sure that not every one of them is successful. There is a huge competition and many organizations want their websites to be a success. There are various ways in which ones can optimize a website and some of them are described below:-

  • Commenting on various global web pages about your website can also make a difference as many users may click the link to access the site.
  • While making visiting card ones should also include his/her organization’s website which is also a way of marketing and advertising.
  • There are countless websites found on the internet today, but not each one of them are successful and in order for it to reach countless number of peoples and businesses, they must need to have an SEO in order to ensure that they are one of the competitors on the global market and they also need to update certain metatags over and over again to make it more successful.
  • Advertisement and Marketing play a vital role in today’s world and making a hoarding board about ones web page is a very good and reliable way to advertise.
  • Selling, promoting & branding any products through any means of digital media like Facebook, Instagram, Mass Email, Bulk Email, Google Ads, Facebook Advertising, etc are known as Digital Media Marketing where any area, group, interest, demography, place, age, group, gender, interest, event, etc can be targeted easily. In a single line; marketing your own business over the internet.

Developing and Coding:

The name may sound envious as many of the people nowadays try to become a developer and a coder, but trust me it can get hectic often in this field with writing hundreds of lines of codes and trying to get the job done, the developer will surely face enough bugs that may try to test his patience and skills. In this part of the process, the developer generally embeds various plugins, tries to create a rich UI/UX experience. The major plugins that the developer embeds on a website are Google Maps, Facebook, LinkedIn, Reddit, Twitter,, Google Drive and many more which may go on and on. If the developer needs to be hired then while hiring, one’s should find out the platform on which the developer works. Can the developer work on Frameworks like WordPress, Zoomla, Magento, OpenCart, etc. The language is also one of the important aspects while developing a website, whether the developer works on Php, MySQL, Node, React and many more other platforms.

Q&A (Quality and Assurance):

This is one of the major and also one of the important aspects in the phase of website development. After all the work is done related to the site, every website must be checked by a Q&A professional to find out the existing faults, what developments could have been done to make it more beneficial. This should be done in order for the quality and assurance testing by a Q&A professional Tester and have him check if the things were done right and in order.

Web Host Manager:

After all the stages mentioned above are completed, then the time comes to upload the webpage into the webserver. There are many platforms where a web page can be hosted. A web host manager is the one that uploads the website in the server. Web host manager also manages the control panel of the web site to manage DNS records, MX records, DKIM records, SPF records and many more.


Prasanna Dhakal
Prasanna Dhakal

Prasanna Dhakal has recently completed his Bsc.CSIT from Orchid International College, Kathmandu. He is interested in Technology, Data Science, Database Management & Analysis. He also has interest in music.

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